networking – Difficulty using Pythons socket.gethostbyaddr()

networking – Difficulty using Pythons socket.gethostbyaddr()

Im sorry, but you are mistaken. 114.143.51.197 does not have a PTR record… therefore socket.gethostbyaddr() should throw an error… you certainly need a try / except clause that traps for socket.herror

>>> def lookup(addr):
...     try:
...         return socket.gethostbyaddr(addr)
...     except socket.herror:
...         return None, None, None
...
>>> name,alias,addresslist = lookup(4.2.2.2)
>>> print name
vnsc-bak.sys.gtei.net
>>> name,alias,addresslist = lookup(114.143.51.197)
>>> print name
None
>>>

DNS reverse lookup for 114.143.51.197… note that it does not have a valid PTR record

[[email protected] ~]$ dig @8.8.8.8 -x 114.143.51.197

; <<>> DiG 9.6-ESV-R4 <<>> @8.8.8.8 -x 114.143.51.197
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NXDOMAIN, id: 4735
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 1, ADDITIONAL: 0

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;197.51.143.114.in-addr.arpa.   IN      PTR

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
114.in-addr.arpa.       1800    IN      SOA     ns1.apnic.net. read-txt-record-of-zone-first-dns-admin.apnic.net. 17812 7200 1800 604800 172800

;; Query time: 182 msec
;; SERVER: 8.8.8.8#53(8.8.8.8)
;; WHEN: Tue Nov 22 05:11:36 2011
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 134

[[email protected] ~]$ python
Python 2.5.2 (r252:60911, Jan 24 2010, 14:53:14)
[GCC 4.3.2] on linux2
Type help, copyright, credits or license for more information.
>>> import socket
>>> socket.gethostbyaddr(114.143.51.197)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File <stdin>, line 1, in <module>
socket.herror: (1, Unknown host)
>>>

This is what a valid PTR record should look like…

[[email protected] ~]$ dig -x 4.2.2.2

; <<>> DiG 9.6-ESV-R4 <<>> -x 4.2.2.2
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 61856
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 3, ADDITIONAL: 1

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;2.2.2.4.in-addr.arpa.          IN      PTR

;; ANSWER SECTION:
2.2.2.4.in-addr.arpa.   86400   IN      PTR     vnsc-bak.sys.gtei.net.

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
2.4.in-addr.arpa.       86400   IN      NS      dnsauth2.sys.gtei.net.
2.4.in-addr.arpa.       86400   IN      NS      dnsauth1.sys.gtei.net.
2.4.in-addr.arpa.       86400   IN      NS      dnsauth3.sys.gtei.net.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
dnsauth1.sys.gtei.net.  1800    IN      A       4.2.49.2

;; Query time: 308 msec
;; SERVER: 127.0.0.1#53(127.0.0.1)
;; WHEN: Tue Nov 22 05:10:16 2011
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 158

[[email protected] ~]$ python
Python 2.5.2 (r252:60911, Jan 24 2010, 14:53:14)
[GCC 4.3.2] on linux2
Type help, copyright, credits or license for more information.
>>> import socket
>>> socket.gethostbyaddr(4.2.2.2)
(vnsc-bak.sys.gtei.net, [], [4.2.2.2])
>>>

networking – Difficulty using Pythons socket.gethostbyaddr()

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.