NameError: global name xrange is not defined in Python 3

NameError: global name xrange is not defined in Python 3

You are trying to run a Python 2 codebase with Python 3. xrange() was renamed to range() in Python 3.

Run the game with Python 2 instead. Dont try to port it unless you know what you are doing, most likely there will be more problems beyond xrange() vs. range().

For the record, what you are seeing is not a syntax error but a runtime exception instead.


If you do know what your are doing and are actively making a Python 2 codebase compatible with Python 3, you can bridge the code by adding the global name to your module as an alias for range. (Take into account that you may have to update any existing range() use in the Python 2 codebase with list(range(...)) to ensure you still get a list object in Python 3):

try:
    # Python 2
    xrange
except NameError:
    # Python 3, xrange is now named range
    xrange = range

# Python 2 code that uses xrange(...) unchanged, and any
# range(...) replaced with list(range(...))

or replace all uses of xrange(...) with range(...) in the codebase and then use a different shim to make the Python 3 syntax compatible with Python 2:

try:
    # Python 2 forward compatibility
    range = xrange
except NameError:
    pass

# Python 2 code transformed from range(...) -> list(range(...)) and
# xrange(...) -> range(...).

The latter is preferable for codebases that want to aim to be Python 3 compatible only in the long run, it is easier to then just use Python 3 syntax whenever possible.

add xrange=range in your code 🙂 It works to me.

NameError: global name xrange is not defined in Python 3

I solved the issue by adding this import
More info

from past.builtins import xrange

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