MongoDB via Mongoose JS – What is findByID?

MongoDB via Mongoose JS – What is findByID?

findById is a convenience method on the model thats provided by Mongoose to find a document by its _id. The documentation for it can be found here.

Example:

// Search by ObjectId
var id = 56e6dd2eb4494ed008d595bd;
UserModel.findById(id, function (err, user) { ... } );

Functionally, its the same as calling:

UserModel.findOne({_id: id}, function (err, user) { ... });

Note that Mongoose will cast the provided id value to the type of _id as defined in the schema (defaulting to ObjectId).

If the schema of id is not of type ObjectId you cannot operate with function :
findbyId()

MongoDB via Mongoose JS – What is findByID?

As opposed to find() which can return 1 or more documents,
findById() can only return 0 or 1 document.
Document(s) can be thought of as record(s).

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