javascript – How to check if a number is between two values?

javascript – How to check if a number is between two values?

Tests whether windowsize is greater than 500 and lesser than 600 meaning that neither values 500 or 600 itself will result in the condition becoming true.

if (windowsize > 500 && windowsize < 600) {
  // ...
}

I had a moment, so, although youve already accepted an answer, I thought Id contribute the following:

Number.prototype.between = function(a, b) {
  var min = Math.min.apply(Math, [a, b]),
    max = Math.max.apply(Math, [a, b]);
  return this > min && this < max;
};

var windowSize = 550;

console.log(windowSize.between(500, 600));

JS Fiddle demo.

Or, if youd prefer to have the option to check a number is in the defined range including the end-points:

Number.prototype.between = function(a, b, inclusive) {
  var min = Math.min.apply(Math, [a, b]),
    max = Math.max.apply(Math, [a, b]);
  return inclusive ? this >= min && this <= max : this > min && this < max;
};

var windowSize = 500;

console.log(windowSize.between(500, 603, true));

JS Fiddle demo.

Edited to add a minor amendment to the above, given that – as noted in the comments –

Function.prototype.apply() is slow! Besides calling it when you have a fixed amount of arguments is pointless…

it was worth removing the use of Function.prototype.apply(), which yields the amended versions of the above methods, firstly without the inclusive option:

Number.prototype.between = function(a, b) {
  var min = Math.min(a, b),
    max = Math.max(a, b);

  return this > min && this < max;
};

var windowSize = 550;

console.log(windowSize.between(500, 600));

JS Fiddle demo.

And with the inclusive option:

Number.prototype.between = function(a, b, inclusive) {
  var min = Math.min(a, b),
    max = Math.max(a, b);

  return inclusive ? this >= min && this <= max : this > min && this < max;
}

var windowSize = 500;

console.log(windowSize.between(500, 603, true));

JS Fiddle demo.

References:

javascript – How to check if a number is between two values?

I prefer to put the variable on the inside to give an extra hint that the code is validating my variable is between a range values

if (500 < size && size < 600) { doStuff(); }

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