How could I create a function with a completion handler in Swift?

How could I create a function with a completion handler in Swift?

Say you have a download function to download a file from network, and want to be notified when download task has finished.

typealias CompletionHandler = (success:Bool) -> Void

func downloadFileFromURL(url: NSURL,completionHandler: CompletionHandler) {

    // download code.

    let flag = true // true if download succeed,false otherwise

    completionHandler(success: flag)
}

// How to use it.

downloadFileFromURL(NSURL(string: url_str)!, { (success) -> Void in

    // When download completes,control flow goes here.
    if success {
        // download success
    } else {
        // download fail
    }
})

Hope it helps.

I had trouble understanding the answers so Im assuming any other beginner like myself might have the same problem as me.

My solution does the same as the top answer but hopefully a little more clear and easy to understand for beginners or people just having trouble understanding in general.

To create a function with a completion handler

func yourFunctionName(finished: () -> Void) {

     print(Doing something!)

     finished()

}

to use the function

     override func viewDidLoad() {

          yourFunctionName {

          //do something here after running your function
           print(Tada!!!!)
          }

    }

Your output will be

Doing something

Tada!!!

Hope this helps!

How could I create a function with a completion handler in Swift?

Simple Example:

func method(arg: Bool, completion: (Bool) -> ()) {
    print(First line of code executed)
    // do stuff here to determine what you want to send back.
    // we are just sending the Boolean value that was sent in back
    completion(arg)
}

How to use it:

method(arg: true, completion: { (success) -> Void in
    print(Second line of code executed)
    if success { // this will be equal to whatever value is set in this method call
          print(true)
    } else {
         print(false)
    }
})

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